Miter saw or circular saw
Philips head screwdriver
- 3 Wood of your choice , 1x6x7
- 7 Wood of your choice , 1x4x7 , You may need 7 or 8 of these
- 1 Wood of your choice , 1x3x8
- 2 Wood of your choice , 1x2x7
- 2 Wood of your choice , 3x3x6
Hardware & Supplies
- 1 Box of 1 ¼” Kreg Pocket Hole Screws (See tools list)
- 1 Box of 1 ½”-2” Kreg Pocket Hole Screws (See tools list)
- 1 Set of non-mortise brackets
- 1 Pair of safety glasses / personal protective equipment
- 1 Sandpaper
- 1 Finish of your choice (water based polyurethane, oil or furniture butter, etc.)
Cut List & Parts
- 2 A. Headboard posts , 3x3 (or 4x4) @ 42"
- 2 B. Headboard rails , 1x4 @ 36 1/8"
- 9 C. Headboard stiles , 1x3 @ 10"
- 2 D. Footboard posts , 3x3 (or 4x4) @ 18"
- 1 E. Footboard rail , 1x6 @ 36 1/8"
- 2 F. Bed rails , 1x6 @ 75
- 2 G. Slat support rails , 1x2 @ 72"
- 1 H. Headboard cap , 1x4 @ 43"
- 12 I. Mattress support slats , 1x4 @ 38 7/8"
Tips to think about before you start:
- Remember that wood is labeled with its “nominal” dimension in the store, similar to how I have it listed above. Actual dimensions will be ¾”x5.5” for a 1x6, for example. The last number, how many feet long a board is, remains the same.
- Using a stop block can allow you to make the same cut over and over again without having to keep measuring it out each time (see photo at miter saw)
- It’s nice to cut all the parts in advance and then assemble but I would wait to cut your mattress support slats until the very end to confirm the width they ought to be.
- Check out the wood you are using before you start and mark what sides you want to be your presentation face. Sometimes a knot or imperfection in the wood can make or break the overlook of your project depending on if you are going for a clean or rustic look. Pocket holes will be going on the backside of your wood so this is key in making sure you don’t accidentally drill into the nicer appearance face.
- Consider utilizing a 45-degree miter cut on the bottom ends of your bed posts to make them look slightly less chunky and a little more finished.
- Think about what type of reveal you want your bed rails to have. I went with ¾” and this basically means choosing how much you want to inset your rails and bed parts in on the posts rather than them being “flush” with one another. You’ll see what I mean in the photos.
- If working with a dense hardwood like hickory or oak, utilizing a wax on your pocket hole screws can make it easier to drive them into the wood. Be careful with this though because your hands will inevitably get wax on them and if you then get waxy prints on the wood, it could get into the grain and prevent a stain from penetrating there. You can always sand it off before you finish if you do this on accident. Don’t ask how I know. 😊
- Try to wipe off any glue squeeze out that may happen before it hardens.
- Rails are pieces that go horizontally. Stiles are pieces that go vertically.
- Be sure to confirm you have a standard twin mattress for these dimensions – a twin XL would require it to be bigger.
Make all your cuts from the cut list, saving the mattress support slats as the last step after
the bed is assembled. I used my miter saw but a circular saw could also be used.
Do a dry/test fit of the headboard (Parts A, B, C). This is the main feature of the bed and it’s a good idea to do a dry fit (no glue yet) of the components before you go any further to ensure your cuts were accurate. You can also use this opportunity to find the center of your headboard rails (B) for spacing out the headboard stiles (C) evenly – if you place one stile centered with the rail, you can then use a scrap of 1x2 as a spacer to evenly place the rest of the boards.
Pocket Hole Time
Use the 720 Pro Kreg Pocket Hole Jig to drill 2 pocket holes on each end of the 9 headboard stiles (C). Drill 3 pocket holes on each end of the headboard rails (B). Remember, be sure to select which sides of the components you would like to be the
appearance face so that you drill into the backside.
Part 1: Lay everything out with pocket holes up, utilizing clamps to hold your posts (A) in place so that they do not push away when you begin to fasten your rails (B) to them. Be sure to use glue on all your joints as it is the combination of glue and the screw that
make pocket holes a strong joint.
Part 2: Attach the headboard cap (H) with a small amount of wood glue and clamp it in place. I used an 18g brad nail, 1 in each bed post, to pin it in place while I applied clamps to let the glue do the real work of keeping it in place. Clamps need to stay on this part until the glue cures based on the instructions on the glue you are using.
Repeat the same process as above, except use 4 pocket holes on each end of the footboard rail (E). This will seem super easy after you have done the headboard!
Attaching Hardware to Footboard
On the footboard, the female end of the bracket needs to be flush with the top of the bedpost (D) and then you can use ¾” scrap pieces to simulate a reveal as well as the bed rail itself; just be sure to keep the male part of the bracket attached for this part as well to get the correct spacing. once the female end is attached you will pull away the scrap pieces and see that it causes the
male side to need to be about 1/8” offset from the end of the bed rail (F).
Attaching Hardware to Headboard:
Measure up from the bottom 18” to set the appropriate height for your brackets to correspond with your 18” foot posts and fasten hardware in the same manner as the previous step.
Attaching Bed Slat Supports (G)
Lay the bed rails (F) down and use a 1x3 scrap from the headboard stile (C) components to act as a spacer at the top of the bed rail and then place your 1x2 slat support beneath that. This will allow for your ¾” thick mattress support slats to rest on the 1x2 piece, give your mattress 1 ¾” to nestle into the bed frame and overlap a little bit of the bottom of the headboard rail. Pre-drill these holes to avoid cracking your 1x2 slat support (G) piece and attach it to the bed rail. I just eye-balled a screw in the center, checked it for level, and then spaced screws apart by about 12” the rest of the way down the 1x2.
Assemble your bed and double check the width between the bed rails to get the exact width you need for your bed slats (I). Mine was 38 7/8”. Cut them to length and test them out!
Take this opportunity to do any sanding/softening of rough edges. I just eased my edges with 150 grit because I used S4S lumber from Baird Brothers Fine Hardwoods that was already finish sanded to 180 on the appearance face. It costs a little bit more when purchasing lumber stock this way but the amount of time it saves you is totally worth the added cost and you get quality stock to work with. Add your finish of choice to your new twin bed and celebrate, you weekend warrior, you!